MPM, or malignant pleural mesothelioma, is a type of cancer that affects the lining of the lungs and is primarily caused by exposure to asbestos fibers. Unfortunately, once diagnosed, MPM is extremely difficult to treat, and the prognosis is often poor. Therefore, it is crucial to take steps to reduce the risk of developing MPM in the first place. In this answer, I will suggest several ways to reduce the risk of MPM.
Avoid exposure to asbestos: Asbestos is a mineral that was commonly used in construction and manufacturing until the 1980s when its harmful effects on health were discovered. Asbestos fibers can become airborne when materials containing asbestos are disturbed, and when these fibers are inhaled, they can become embedded in the lungs and cause damage over time. Therefore, it is essential to avoid exposure to asbestos as much as possible. If you work in an industry that uses asbestos, make sure you follow proper safety procedures, wear protective gear, and work in a well-ventilated area.
Don’t smoke: Smoking is a significant risk factor for MPM, and it can also increase the risk of developing other types of cancer. If you smoke, quitting is one of the best things you can do for your health. If you don’t smoke, don’t start, and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle: Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of many types of cancer, including MPM. A healthy lifestyle can also help boost your immune system, which can protect you against various diseases.
Get regular check-ups: If you have a history of exposure to asbestos, it’s essential to get regular check-ups to monitor your health. Early detection of MPM can improve the chances of successful treatment.
Know the signs and symptoms: Knowing the signs and symptoms of MPM can help you get diagnosed early. Symptoms of MPM can include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and weight loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, see a doctor right away.
Be aware of your surroundings: If you live or work in an area where asbestos was used in the past, be aware of the potential risk. Older buildings may contain materials that contain asbestos, and if these materials are disturbed, asbestos fibers can become airborne. If you suspect that you may have been exposed to asbestos, talk to your doctor about getting tested.
Get vaccinated: Vaccines can help protect against certain types of cancer, including MPM. For example, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine can help prevent cervical cancer, and the hepatitis B vaccine can help prevent liver cancer. Talk to your doctor about which vaccines are right for you.
In conclusion, reducing the risk of MPM requires a combination of avoiding exposure to asbestos, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, getting regular check-ups, knowing the signs and symptoms, being aware of your surroundings, and getting vaccinated. By taking these steps, you can help protect yourself against this deadly disease.