Malignant mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer that affects the lining of the lungs, chest, abdomen or heart. Mesothelioma hyperplasia is a nonmalignant condition characterized by the presence of excessive mesothelial cells in the lining of the chest or abdomen. While mesothelioma hyperplasia is not cancerous, it can develop into mesothelioma, which is why it is important to closely monitor the condition and treat it promptly.
The treatment options for mesothelioma hyperplasia depend on the severity of the condition and the symptoms it is causing. In most cases, doctors will opt for a conservative approach that involves close monitoring of the patient’s condition and regular imaging tests to track any changes in the mesothelium.
However, if the hyperplasia is causing significant symptoms or if there is evidence that it may progress to mesothelioma, more aggressive treatment options may be necessary. Some of the most common treatment options for mesothelioma hyperplasia include:
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the excess mesothelial cells from the lining of the chest or abdomen. This may involve a minimally invasive procedure or a more extensive surgery, depending on the severity of the hyperplasia and the patient’s overall health.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a powerful cancer treatment that can be used to slow the growth of mesothelial cells and prevent them from becoming cancerous. Chemotherapy may be given orally or intravenously, and may be administered in cycles over a period of several months.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It may be used in combination with surgery or chemotherapy to treat mesothelioma hyperplasia.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a newer form of cancer treatment that uses the body’s own immune system to fight cancer cells. It may be used in combination with other treatments to improve their effectiveness.
Clinical trials: There are many ongoing clinical trials exploring new treatments for mesothelioma hyperplasia and mesothelioma. Patients may be eligible to participate in these trials if they meet certain criteria.
It is important to note that there is currently no cure for mesothelioma hyperplasia or mesothelioma, and treatment options may only help to manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Additionally, since mesothelioma hyperplasia can develop into mesothelioma, it is important for patients to be closely monitored and undergo regular imaging tests to detect any changes in the mesothelium.
In addition to medical treatment, patients with mesothelioma hyperplasia may also benefit from supportive care, such as pain management, nutritional support, and emotional support. It is important for patients to work closely with their healthcare team to develop a personalized treatment plan that takes into account their individual needs and preferences.